By Amy Lynn, BNatMed
Overeating is a global concern and an ongoing phenomenon, which has caused researchers to investigate the impact it has on society, the medical community and the individual body (1). Within the last decade alone, we have seen diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disorders, high cholesterol, obesity, kidney failure, metabolic disruption and colon cancers skyrocket due to the increasing food intake the western world, in particular, have been consuming (2, 3). Several studies prove over eating is an epidemic and needs ongoing guidance to educate the populous how to consciously decrease meal portions. As the awareness grows and education around food consumption expands, a more balanced and healthy lifestyle grows worldwide (4). However, there is a flip side with nutrition and food intake, which many people and medical industries overlook. What happens when we under eat?
By Paul Cadman- Grad.Cert.HPN candidate
Endurance athletes regularly suffer from GI distress during endurance events. (1) This article will discuss the nutritional causes and focus on strategies to help mitigate these.
GI distress is a highly individualised problem that many endurance athletes face when training and racing. (2) To maintain high levels of performance during endurance events, especially those of longer duration and higher intensity there is generally a need for significant volumes of fuel in the form of carbohydrate (CHO) and fluid. (3, 4) These requirements are in many instances the very cause of GI distress. Nutritional factors that promote GI distress usually result from strategies aimed at providing the necessary CHO and fluid to ensure a high level of performance. By implementing these strategies athletes can ingest large, highly concentrated volumes of CHO and inappropriate quantities of fluid which can slow Gastric Emptying (GE) and ultimately lead to GI distress. (5) Symptoms can be alleviated by executing specific individualised nutrition and hydration strategies. (6) As with many other nutritional issues, individual trialling is the best way to identify effective solutions. (7)